中国林业网世界生物圈保护区
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The Brief Introduction
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历史:The History
1978年,经国务院批准,在秦岭中段南坡的陕西省佛坪县,建立了陕西佛坪国家级自然保护区,以保护大熊猫及其森林生态系统。
In 1978, with the approval of the State Council, in order to protect the giant panda and its forest ecosystem, Shaanxi Foping National Nature Reserve (FPNR) was established in Foping County, Shaanxi Province, on the south slope of the middle ranges of the Qinling Mountains.
简介: Brief Introduction
陕西佛坪国家级自然保护区位于东洋界和古北界的交汇地带,属暖温带山地气候,冬无严寒,夏无酷暑,有效积温大于3000小时,年降雨量约900mm~1200mm,多集中在6~9月。因独特的地理区位,孕育了丰富的生物多样性:在这个生态系统中,有种子植物132科560属1271种,其中国家Ⅰ级保护植物2种,Ⅱ级8种(未计兰科);有脊椎动物共29目82科227属338种(亚种),其中国家Ⅰ级保护种7种,Ⅱ级保护种39种;已鉴定的昆虫24目165科1353种,Ⅱ级保护种2种。
FPNR is located at the intersection of the Oriental and Palaearctic boundaries. It has a warm temperate mountain climate. There is no severe cold in winter and no severe heat in summer. The effective accumulated temperature is more than 3000 hours, and the annual rainfall is about 900mm ~ 1200mm, mostly concentrated in June to September. Its unique location and advantaged natural conditions gave birth to the rich biodiversity resources. 
There are 132 families,560 genera and 1271 species of seed plants in this ecosystem, including 2 species of plants under first-class state protection and 8 species of plants under first-class state protection (Orchidaceae is not included); there are 338 species (subspecies) of vertebrates belonging to 2217 genera and 82 families in 29 orders, including 7 species of National Grade I protected vertebrates  and 39 species of national grade II protected vertebrates ; and there are 1353 species of insects belonging to 165 families and 24 orders, belonging to grade II protected plants There are two protected species.
自然教育:The Natural Education
2004年,保护区加入人与生物圈网络(MAB),保护区还被列为全国青少年科普教育基地、陕西师范大学野外教学实验基地等,并与多个研究单位开展了多层次、多方位的合作。2014年,被陕西省林业厅列为“青少年科普探秘线路”,开展面向适龄青少年的环境教育活动。 
In 2004, FPNR joined the Man And Biosphere Network(MAB). It has also been listed as the national popular science education base for teenagers and the field teaching experimental base of Shaanxi Normal University. It has carried out multi-level and multi-directional cooperation with many research units. In 2014, it was listed as "youth science popularization route" by Shaanxi Provincial Forestry Department to carry out environmental education activities for school-age teenagers.
佛坪大熊猫的秘密:The Secret Of The Giant pandas of FoPing
佛坪的大熊猫种群得以保存,与大小相岭、岷山种群生态隔离,独立进化,完全得益于前面所说的独特的地理区位:在交通非常不发达的古代、近现代,佛坪不处于交通要道,没有著名的人文景观,没有丰饶独特的物产,即使其自然景观,在东西横亘千余公里、峰壑交错、溪流纵横的秦岭山脉,也只是名花各表,稍有不同而已。而大熊猫本身,没有药用效力奇佳的熊胆、皮厚难剥、肉质粗糙,这些先天的“缺陷”,竟然也成为这一种群绵延的护身符,但这些并不能一直保佑他们安全存续。建立保护区是延嗣这一珍贵、可爱的精灵的唯一有效方法。
The reason why the giant pandas of FPNR can be preserved is its above unique geographical location. In the past, the traffic was very     undeveloped, Foping was not located on the main road of traffic, nor did it have famous cultural landscape, nor did it have rich and unique products. Even though its natural landscape was only a list of famous flowers, slightly different from the Qinling Mountains, which stretched more than a thousand kilometers from the east to the west, with its peaks and ravines and streams criss-crossing. And the giant panda itself, there is no excellent medicinal effect of bear bile, thick skin, rough meat quality, these congenital "defects", unexpectedly also become the population of the protection of the talisman, but these can not always protect their safety and survival. The creation of a reserve is the only effective way to revive this precious and lovable spirit.  
佛坪自然保护区地质地貌:Geology and Geomorphology Of FPNR
佛坪自然保护区位于秦岭主脊南侧,属秦岭褶皱带,区内出露的岩石以印支期花岗岩为主。该区为基岩中山地貌。海拔1500m以下,以峡谷峰岭地貌为主,地势陡峻;海拔1500~2000m,以宽谷缓坡为主,这里竹类资源丰富,水源充足,活动空间较大,是大熊猫的主要活动区;海拔2000m以上,为宽谷峰岭地貌,在山脊附近冰缘地貌发育,石海、石河分布较广。
FPNR is located in the south of the main ridge of Qinling Mountains. It belongs to the fold belt of Qinling Mountains. The rocks in the area are mainly Indo-Chinese granite. This area is the bedrock Zhongshan landform. Below the elevation of 1500m, it is dominated by canyons and peaks, with steep terrain. The elevation of 1500~2000m is mainly wide valley and gentle slope. It is rich in bamboo resources, abundant water and large activity space. It is the main activity area for giant pandas. Above the altitude of 2000m, it is a wide valley and peak ridge landform, which is developed near the ridge of the ice. Shihai and Shihe are widely distributed.